Continuous impedance monitoring provides significant insights into the aging status of a battery. However, the on-line determination of battery impedance parameter for its low-frequency part is a challenging task. This paper provides an algorithm for its determination, which features a novel approach to quantifying the impedance caused by diffusion processes at low frequencies.
Mechanistic calendar aging model for lithium-ion batteries
In this work we present a novel mechanistic calendar aging model for a commercial lithium-ion cell with NCA cathode and silicon-graphite anode. The mechanistic calendar aging model is a semi-empirical aging model that is parameterized on component states of health, instead of capacity.
Measurement Approaches for Thermal Impedance Spectroscopy of Li-ion Batteries
Battery performance, lifetime and safety are highly dependent on temperature. With the recent high demand for power capabilities, heat management has become increasingly relevant.
Evaluation of transmission losses of various battery electric vehicles
Transmission losses in battery electric vehicles have compared to internal combustion engine powertrains a larger share in the total energy consumption and play therefore a major role. In this paper, three simulation models of the Institute of Automotive Engineering are presented.