Knowledge HUB

Insights from battery experts

Explore the latest trends, research papers, blog posts and more.
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Electric trucks battery analytics

Electric vehicle safety and reliability

Battery safety and reliability are essential to OEMs and operators. Why is battery intelligence needed to maintain a safe and reliable operation? Why is a battery management system not enough? The article explains the complexity of EV batteries.

Energy storage: an overview of our content

Get an overview of our energy content, covering topics like safety and warranty in the energy sector, deployment and operations of energy storage systems, and general use cases of battery energy storage systems.

Battery development: an overview of our content

Find an overview of topics related to battery development in this article. Read about battery technologies, the battery industry, and battery simulation models.
EV Battery

Electric vehicles and fleet management: an overview of our content

Batteries are the future of mobility. Want to learn more about electric vehicles and their batteries? We have got you covered on topics like battery safety, operation and management of batteries, battery development, and residual values. Get an overview of our content pieces.
Electric bus fleet battery management

E-Bus Fleet Management

The transport sector is decarbonizing fast. Alongside this development, we have also been witnessing a data revolution. This new data technology can be used to empower e-bus fleet management. The article explains how data and battery analytics help to optimally manage batteries.
Freight ship battery fire in North Sea

Decoding battery fires

Lithium ion battery fires are extremely rare but due to the technical nature of batteries, extinguishing them is a big challenge. It is, therefore, sensible to examine the causes, counter- and preventive measures a bit more closely.
Energy storage in front of mountains

LFP in energy storage

Lithium-ion batteries play an essential role in the transition to renewable energies and in generating electricity from more reliable and sustainable technologies. NMC has been the widely used technology for the past years, but now LFP is increasing in popularity due to reasons such as cost and safety advantages. However, LFP comes with challenges, particularly regarding accurate state estimations.
Electrified street in mountains

Batteries and their Global Warming Potential: a lifecycle view

Lithium-Ion-Batteries are a key technology for green energy, mobility, and for this reason a key technology to mitigate climate change. However, batteries have a significant environmental impact. This impact is created along various steps in the lifecycle, e.g. during the extraction of raw materials or production. This white paper will explore the various stages of a battery's life cycle and how they contribute to its overall Global Warming Potential (GWP).
Improving BESS performance, availability and safety

Improve the safety, availability and performance of your battery energy storage systems

Battery energy storage systems (known as BESS or ESS) are essential for accelerating the shift towards green energy. They are now an integral part of the electricity grid across the globe, meaning that their safety, availability and performance is more important than ever.
EV safety

Safeguard electric vehicle fleets with battery analytics

There are a complex variety of causes of reliability and safety problems with electric vehicle batteries. In this whitepaper, we explore EV battery safety and reliability concerns, potential causes of issues, and how battery analytics can help overcome these challenges.
TWAICE battery lab

A new generation of aging models for lithium-ion batteries

The latest version of the TWAICE simulation model, Version 9, introduces the first steps towards a new generation of battery simulation models: The physics-motivated semi-empirical aging models.

Protect aftersales profits: Start with accurate and reliable insights into battery health

In this whitepaper, we discuss the core challenges caused by battery aging, how these affect aftersales departments across the industry, and how battery analytics can help OEMs overcome these challenges.
Battery production and testing

Non-destructive electrode potential and open-circuit voltage aging estimation for lithium-ion batteries

In this publication we extend a state-of-the-art electrode open circuit potential model for blend electrodes and inhomogeneous lithiation. We introduce a bi-level optimization algorithm to estimate the open parameters of the electrode model using measurements conducted on the full-cell level with state-of-the-art testing equipment.
Battery development

Mechanistic cycle aging model for the open-circuit voltage curve of lithium-ion batteries

Cycling lithium-ion batteries causes capacity fade, but also changes the shape of the open-circuit voltage (OCV) curve, due to loss of active material (LAM) and loss of lithium inventory (LLI). To model this change, we recently proposed a novel empirical calendar aging model that is parameterized on component states of health (s) instead of capacity fade only.
Holding battery component in front of people

Mechanistic calendar aging model for lithium-ion batteries

In this work we present a novel mechanistic calendar aging model for a commercial lithium-ion cell with NCA cathode and silicon-graphite anode. The mechanistic calendar aging model is a semi-empirical aging model that is parameterized on component states of health, instead of capacity.
TWAICE battery research in front of computer

Measurement Approaches for Thermal Impedance Spectroscopy of Li-ion Batteries

Battery performance, lifetime and safety are highly dependent on temperature. With the recent high demand for power capabilities, heat management has become increasingly relevant.
TWAICE battery electric vehicle

Evaluation of transmission losses of various battery electric vehicles

Transmission losses in battery electric vehicles have compared to internal combustion engine powertrains a larger share in the total energy consumption and play therefore a major role. In this paper, three simulation models of the Institute of Automotive Engineering are presented.
cell testing in the TWAICE battery research center

Modeling capacity fade of li-ion batteries

Aging models are fundamental tools to optimize the application of lithium-ion batteries. In this work, we show that the CAP-method models capacity fade more accurately when applied to dynamic cyclic aging tests with periodically changing mean state-of-charge, depth-of-discharge, ambient temperature and discharge rates for a commercial NCA cell with a silicon-doped graphite anode.